Short-cross penny

New coin of 1180 replacing the issue of coins known today as *Tealby coins. A new coin was a necessity, the existing coinage being crude, and of poor quality. These new coins were of high quality, being 95 per cent silver; they continued in use until the reign of Henry III. The 'short cross' of their name refers to the cross on the reverse, which is noticeably smaller than that found on earlier issues. The coins of Henry III's reign were known as 'long cross', as the cross on the reverse extended to the edge of the coin. There were 11 mints in use: London, Carlisle, Exeter, Lincoln, Northampton, Norwich, Oxford, Wilton, Winchester, Worcester and York. When minted in London, some 20 moneyers were employed; there were eight in York, Lincoln and Winchester. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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